Also, that lots of journalists are seldom more than propagandists. The problem is that they do not know it, that they are not aware of it. When Brian Eno first visited Russia, in , he made friends with Sacha, a musician whose father had been Brezhnev's personal doctor: "One day we were talking about life during "the period of stagnation" — the Brezhnev era.
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We knew it was propaganda," replied Sacha. Russian propaganda was so obvious that most Russians were able to ignore it. They took it for granted that the government operated in its own interests and any message coming from it was probably slanted — and they discounted it. Pollack's Notes On After he commits suicide, his direct superior sends out a press statement, declaring that this problem has never hindered or even influenced the man in his professional duties. It's important in this respect, she stresses, not to overstep the line between work and private life. As if, Hans Durrer comments, alcoholism is some kind of leisure activity.
This case, he adds, is exemplary for the general public denial of the realities of alcoholism and the wishfull thinking about its remedies, we observe in the media.
And then, on 19 February , the Tages-Anzeiger ran a story that challenged the view of Reinhardt's boss, Janom Steiner, that his alcoholism had not affected his job performance by citing several incidences — he had shown up intoxicated at work, had driven his car under the influence of alcohol, he was involved in a car accident and had seen to it that there were no offical records etc. But let me stop here. For we all know this kind of story, don't we?
The government officials give you their lines, some brave journalists make efforts to unmask what they perceive to be a cover-up, and sometimes the truth does prevail If however Mr. Reinhardt really was an alcoholic and it surely looks that way then such a distinction is ludicrous because an alcoholic too often cannot control his impulses and not only when it comes to alcohol — and that does not depend on whether he or she is at work or not. So what did the media do?
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They tried to challenge the claim that Mr. Reinhardt's job performance was impeccable If an alcoholic remains sober after treatment, therapists believe that the treatment has been successful; if an alcoholic however relapses, he is considered unfit for therapy.
Fact is that nobody can really say why some estimates range from seven to seventeen percent can stop their drinking and others can't. Established therapies assume that understanding the causes of our acts might lead to behaviour change.
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If I know why I drink I can influence my drinking. This is wishful thinking for every cause that I will find that I like, that pleases me can be a cause for drinking as well as for non-drinking. Ludwig The Alcoholic's Mind states and the adds: "What is an alcoholic? Where does one draw the line between problem drinking and alcoholism, between alcohol dependence and addiction? Is alcoholism a disorder or a collection of disorders?
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Ist it a moral failing, a bad habit, or a disease? Do alcoholics have distincts personality features? Is alcoholism hereditary or learned? Does excessive drinking represent a symptomatic expression of an underlying conflict or is it the primary problem itself? Which treatment approach, if any, is most effective? Who is best qualified to help? The question can go on and on. There are no scientific answers. That however does not mean that therapy does not work.
The fact that miracles can't be proven does not mean that miracles do not exist, it only means that the accepted means of proof are useless. Besides, therapy helps the therapists to have work and earn money. By the way, good therapists know that when their patients are getting better they are sometimes witnessing a miracle of which the Senegalese Wolof say, "nit nit ay garabam," man is man's medicine. When we understand these conflicts, we can resolve them.
Doing so strengthens us on an inner level, producing enhanced self-regulation. As part of this inner strengthening, we learn to keep our inner critic at bay. We see the inner critic more objectively as a part of us that has no business holding us accountable or passing judgment on us. We also see the part in us—inner passivity—that serves as an enabler of the inner critic. As we acquire insight and strength, we no longer give credence to the pronouncements of the inner critic.
The inner critic retreats into the background and becomes less problematic. Alcoholics can become emotionally stronger and experience self-regulation by seeing more clearly the roles that their inner critic and inner passivity play in the weakening of their resolve. Factors cited for causing alcoholism include high levels of stress, anxiety, tension, or emotional pain. Yet where do these high levels of distress come from?
They can certainly arise when a harsh inner critic is bullying us and getting away with it. Our challenge is to understand clearly the nature of this major conflict in our psyche. Our inner critic or superego dishes out self-aggression while our unconscious ego traps us in inner passivity.
That conflict can only continue when, through inner passivity, we allow the inner critic to get away with its unwarranted and frequently cruel intrusions into our life. Our inner critic has no business butting into our business and passing judgment on us. To become stronger, we have to stand up to it. Tormented by their inner critic, many alcoholics descend into self-loathing, self-condemnation, and even self-hatred.
A report published this year says that former alcoholics who feel shame about past drinking are more likely to relapse. That shame is produced by an inner critic that refuses to go away, even during abstinence. With a harsh inner critic, people find it very difficult to feel good about themselves. The inner critic can belittle and ridicule us to the point that we become depressed. Through inner passivity, people can also be more easily influenced by advertising that portrays drinking in glamorous terms.
Alcoholics Anonymous has had great success for a variety of reasons, chief among them the warmth and kindness of its members. Alcoholics are warmly welcomed to the organization. Each alcoholic is accepted unconditionally. Each person is important, and members strive to help each other. This emotional generosity is a powerful antidote to the harsh belittling inner critic.
The individual can use the kindness of the group to counteract the effects of the inner critic. Typically, a relapse comes about as a result of the compulsion to plunge back into the unresolved inner conflict and to face the wrath of the inner critic. The resolution of this inner conflict greatly invigorates our intelligence and will to thrive. Through the new sense of self that emerges, we connect with our goodness, value, and strength.