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A former residence of the Electorate of the Palatinate , Heidelberg is a popular tourist destination due to its romantic cityscape, including Heidelberg Castle , the Philosophers' Walk, the baroque style Old Town. Heidelberg is in the Rhine Rift Valley , on the left bank of the lower part of the Neckar in a steep valley in the Odenwald. It is bordered by the Gaisberg mountains. The Neckar here flows in an east-west direction. On the right bank of the river, the Heiligenberg mountain rises to a height of meters; the Neckar flows into the Rhine 22 kilometres north-west in Mannheim.

Heidelberg is on European walking route E1. Since Heidelberg is among the warmest regions of Germany, plants atypical of the central-European climate flourish there, including almond and fig trees. Alongside the Philosophenweg on the opposite side of the Old Town, winegrowing was restarted in There is a wild population of African rose-ringed parakeets, a wild population of Siberian swan geese , which can be seen on the islands in the Neckar near the district of Bergheim.

Heidelberg is a unitary authority within the Regierungsbezirk Karlsruhe ; the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis rural district surrounds it and has its seat in the town, although the town is not a part of the district. This region consists of the southern part of the State of Hessen , the southern part of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate , the administrative districts of Mannheim and Heidelberg, the southern municipalities of the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis; the Rhein-Neckar Triangle became a European metropolitan area in Heidelberg consists of 15 districts distributed in six sectors of the town.

In the central area are Altstadt and Weststadt ; the new district will have 5,—6, residents and employment for 7, Year-round, the mild temperatures are determined by maritime air masses coming from the west. In contrast to the nearby Upper Rhine Plain, Heidelberg's position in the valley leads to more frequent easterly winds than average; the hillsides of the Odenwald favour precipitation.

The warmest month is July, the coldest is January. According to the German Meteorological Service , Heidelberg was the warmest place in Germany in Between , and , years ago, "Heidelberg Man" died at nearby Mauer, his jaw bone was discovered in Scientific dating determined his remains as the earliest evidence of human life in Europe. In the 5th century BC, a Celtic fortress of refuge and place of worship were built on the Heiligenberg, or "Mountain of Saints". Both places can still be identified. They built a wooden bridge based on stone pillars across it.

The camp protected the first civilian settlements; the Romans remained until AD. The local administrative center in Roman times was the nearby city of Lopodunum. Modern Heidelberg can trace its beginnings to the fifth century; the village Bergheim is first mentioned for that period in documents dated to AD. Bergheim now lies in the middle of modern Heidelberg; the people converted to Christianity. In AD, the monastery of St. Michael was founded on the Heiligenberg inside the double rampart of the Celtic fortress. Around , the Neuburg Monastery was founded in the Neckar valley. Modern He.

Museum Folkwang Museum Folkwang is a major collection of 19th- and 20th-century art in Essen, Germany. Museum Folkwang incorporates the Deutsche Plakat Museum, comprising circa , posters from politics and culture. During a visit in Essen in , Paul J. Sachs called the Folkwang "the most beautiful museum in the world.

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Ernst Gosebruch, director of the museum in the s and s, earlier directors, had made the museum's collection of modern art into one of the leading collections in the world. However, when the National Socialists came to power in Germany in the early s, they instituted a government-wide purge of what they termed "degenerate art", by which they meant abstract, expressionist and impressionist art. In , Joseph Goebbels created a commission headed by Adolf Ziegler whose mission was to purge all German government-owned museums of such "degenerate" works.

The Museum Folkwang fell into the category of government-controlled institutions and was therefore part of the purge. Over 1, works of art were removed from the museum, part of over 17, works of art removed from museums throughout Germany; the Nazi government first organized a mass exhibition of this "degenerate" art—which proved to be quite popular—and began systematically selling the art to raise cash.

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Many works of art came into the possession of other collectors and museums. In the end 5, works of art deemed unsaleable were burned; the Museum Folkwang and the other museums affected have not tried to reclaim these works because at the time, the removal and sale of the works of art were legal under German law.

The works of art were the property of the German government, which had the legal right to dispose of them as it saw fit. An international architectural competition organized by the City of Essen was won by David Chipperfield in March ; the new building, adding 16, m2 to the existing museum, opened in January , when Essen and the Ruhr Area became European Capital of Culture. The museum has collections on 19th and 20th century art, Modern art, Photography and drawings, German Posters and Non-European art; the Photographic Collection was established as an independent department in the Museum Folkwang in Of the country's 16 states, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ranks 14th in population, 6th in area, 16th in population density.

Schwerin is the state capital and Rostock is the largest city. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern became part of the German Democratic Republic in , but was dissolved in during administrative reforms and its territory divided into the districts of Rostock and Neubrandenburg. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was re-established in following German reunification , became one of the Federal Republic of Germany's new states. Three of Germany's fourteen national parks, as well as several hundred nature conservation areas, are in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

The University of Rostock , established in , the University of Greifswald , established in , are among the oldest universities in Europe. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was the site of the 33rd G8 summit in Due to its lengthy name, the state is abbreviated as MV or shortened to MeckPomm.

Inhabitants are called either Mecklenburger or Pomeranians , the combined form is never used; the full name in German is pronounced.

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Sometimes, Mecklenburg is pronounced; this is. Mecklenburg however is within the historical Low German language area, the "c" appeared in its name during the period of transition to Standard, High German usage; the introduction of the "c" is explained as follows: Either the "c" signals the stretched pronunciation of the preceding "e", or it signals the pronunciation of the subsequent "k" as an occlusive to prevent it from falsely being rendered as a fricative following a Low German trend.

In the aftermath of the Second World War and German reunification in , the state was constituted from the historic region of Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania, both of which had long and rich independent histories. About two thousand years ago, Germanic peoples were recorded in the area. Most of them left during the Migration Period , heading towards Spain and France , leaving the area deserted. In the 6th century Polabian Slavs populated the area. While Mecklenburg was settled by the Obotrites , Vorpommern was settled by the Rani.

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Along the coast and Slavs established trade posts like Reric and Menzlin. In the 12th century and Vorpommern were conquered by Henry the Lion and incorporated into the Duchy of Saxony , joining the Holy Roman Empire in the s. Parts of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was settled with Germans in the Ostsiedlung process, starting in the 12th century. In the late 12th century, Henry the Lion, Duke of the Saxons , conquered the Obotrites, subjugated its Nikloting dynasty, Christianized its people. In the course of time, German monks, nobility and traders arrived to settle here.

After the 12th century, the territory remained stable and independent of its neighbours. Mecklenburg first became a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire in Though partitioned and re-partitioned within the same dynasty, Mecklenburg always shared a common history and identity; the states of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz became Grand Duchies in , in they voluntarily joined the new German Empire , while retaining their own internal autonomy.

After the First World War and the abdication of the German Kaiser , the monarchies of the duchies were abolished and republican governments of both Mecklenburg states were established, until the Nazi government merged the two states into a unified state of Mecklenburg, a meaningless administrative decision under the centralised regime. Vorpommern Fore-Pomerania, is the smaller, western part of the former Prussian Province of Pomerania. Pomerania was under Swedish rule after the Peace of Westphalia from until as Swedish Pomerania.

Pomerania became a province of Prussia in and remained so until Mecklenburg-West Pomerania was established on 9 July , by order No. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The New York Times. Retrieved August 3, Yad Vashem. Retrieved August 2, Deutsche Welle. Jewish World News. August 1, July 31, The Independent. August 2, Righteous Among the Nations. Related Images. YouTube Videos. The company is based in Duisburg and Essen and divided into subsidiaries worldwide. Corporate headquarters in Essen. The Nebra sky disk , c. Johannes Gutenberg c. Martin Luther — , Protestant Reformer.

Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah. According to Jewish tradition, Jacob was the father of the tribes of Israel. Yemenite Jew blows shofar , In this Rosh Hashana greeting card from the early s, Russian Jews, packs in hand, gaze at the American relatives beckoning them to the United States.


Over two million Jews fled the pogroms of the Russian Empire to the safety of the U. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. The League of Nations assembly, held in Geneva , Switzerland , Benito Mussolini inspecting troops during the Italo-Ethiopian War , The bombing of Guernica in , during the Spanish Civil War , sparked fears abroad Europe that the next war would be based on bombing of cities with very high civilian casualties.

Earliest known contemporary depiction of a Polish ruler.

Meaning of "Kapitalspritze" in the German dictionary

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Berthold Beitz - Wikipedia

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